Top 5 list of sleep disorders: Sleep disorders can have a huge impact on your health. They can cause problems with mood, concentration, and even weight gain. Here are the top five sleep disorders: insomnia, narcolepsy, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), restless legs syndrome (RLS), and rapid eye movement behavior disorder (REM). We will go into more detail about each of these in this article.
What is insomnia? (first on our list of sleep disorders)
Insomnia refers to difficulty falling or staying asleep. A person with insomnia may feel as though they have not slept at all, even after an entire night of restful sleep. The two most common types of insomnia include: transient (short-term) and chronic (long-term).
The symptoms of short term intermittent insomnia are waking up too early, feeling tired throughout the day, and difficulties with concentration.
The symptoms of chronic insomnia include waking up at night, difficulty falling asleep even after trying for hours, feelings of fatigue during the daytime (especially in morning), problems staying asleep once awake, encounters of nightmares or bad dreams.
Insomnia can be caused by stressors in one’s life such as work-related issues like long hours or difficult deadlines; relationship troubles due to a death or divorce; health challenges such as depression and anxiety disorders.
Popular treatments for insomnia include sleep hygiene techniques such as making sure to go to bed and wake up at the same time every day, limiting caffeine intake before sleep, practicing relaxation exercises like yoga or meditation. Anti-anxiety medications can also be used in cases of chronic insomnia.
What is narcolepsy? (second on our list of sleep disorders)
Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder that causes people to fall asleep suddenly and unexpectedly. These are called “sleep attacks.” People who suffer from narcolepsy often find it difficult or impossible to stay awake for periods of time, despite their best efforts.
There can be many symptoms: the most common include sudden episodes of daytime sleepiness (often at inappropriate times), cataplexy (a temporary loss in muscle tone during emotional events such as laughter), vivid dreaming, paralysis upon waking up, hallucinations while falling asleep or when waking up early morning hours before daybreak.
NARCOLEPSY IS NOT CAUSED BY LACK OF SLEEP! It’s actually caused by an excessive abundance of REM sleep.
Narcolepsy is often misdiagnosed as depression, chronic fatigue syndrome, or idiopathic hypersomnia (a condition where people sleep more than 12 hours a day).
The main treatment for narcolepsy includes taking medication to increase the amount of REM sleep and lengthen periods of REM. This helps control symptoms such as daytime drowsiness and cataplexy. Sometimes doctors will prescribe stimulants like amphetamines to help with these same symptoms. Other treatments include therapy that targets mood disturbances, medications used to treat insomnia which can be helpful in managing nighttime awakenings from dreams or nightmares caused by narcolepsy; antidepressants are sometimes prescribed if necessary. A new form of psychotherapy called cognitive behavioral therapy has been found to be helpful in the treatment of co-morbid disorders such as depression, anxiety and panic attacks.
The most common medications prescribed are called anti-depressants or SSRI’s (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors). They work by increasing levels of a natural chemical called serotonin in the brain which helps regulate moods among other things.
Narcolepsy is a chronic disorder but there is no cure for it yet. The symptoms can usually be controlled with medication however this does not prevent new episodes from occurring at any time without warning.
There are lifestyle changes that can help narcolepsy sufferers manage their condition better: healthy eating habits, regular exercise, maintaining an active social life etcetera)
What is obstructive sleep apnea?
Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition where there are pauses in breathing, or “snoring” while asleep. This causes the individual to wake up many times throughout the night because they cannot get enough air into their lungs and then fall back asleep for periods of time before waking again. Individuals with obstructive sleep apnea may have sore throats upon waking, dry mouth (especially morning), daytime drowsiness or fatigue during the day; others might experience headaches from lack of oxygen flow to the brain which can cause nausea and dizziness.
The symptoms vary depending on what type you have:
OSA Type I – this includes snoring that disrupts your partner’s sleep as well as loud gasps for breath or choking sounds when you sleep.
OSA Type II – this includes snoring that disrupts your partner’s sleep as well as loud gasps for breath or choking sounds when you are sleeping; individuals with OSA type II have a higher risk of stroke, heart disease and high blood pressure.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea is usually treated by using CPAP machines which work to provide the individual air during pauses in breathing through small tubes connected to their nose or mouth while they sleep. The machine will shake them awake so that they can resume breathing again until the next pause occurs and then it starts all over again. There are also surgical options available such as UPPP (Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty) where an incision is made in the throat to widen the airway.
What is Restless Leg Syndrome?
Restless Leg Syndrome is a condition where an individual experiences discomfort, burning or creeping sensations along the legs. These can be caused by a variety of reasons but are most commonly seen in people with low iron levels and diabetes mellitus type II. Those who experience restless leg syndrome will have periods where their limbs twitch uncontrollably for about 20 minutes which often keeps them awake at night.
The cause of Restless Legs Syndrome isn’t known yet however there are treatments to help alleviate symptoms: doctors may prescribe medications like Ropinirole (Requip), Gabapentin (Neurontin) or Valium; physical therapy to stretch tight muscles in the feet, lower extremities etcetera); getting more calcium as well as vitamin D that could contribute to low iron levels; sleeping with a fan on or opening the window for fresh air.
What is rapid eye movement behavior disorder?
Rapid Eye Movement Behavior Disorder is a condition where an individual experiences uncontrollable movement of the eyes. These can be small, quick movements or larger jerking motions and they will happen while asleep as well as when awake. This disorder often causes people to have difficulty falling asleep because their brains are so restless which leads to insomnia symptoms like daytime drowsiness; irritability etcetera.
The most common treatment for rapid eye movement behavior disorder is sleep-aid medications such as Clonazepam (Klonopin), Triazolam (Halcion) or Zopiclone (Imovane). There are also anti-depressants that may help with this too however there isn’t enough research on them yet. Cognitive behavioral therapy may also be a helpful option to try.
Conclusion – list of sleep disorders:
The top 5 sleep disorders are insomnia, narcolepsy, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), restless legs syndrome (RLS), and rapid eye movement behavior disorder (REM). These all have different symptoms but they share one thing in common; it’s not good for your health if you don’t get enough quality shut-eye. If you think that any of these might be the cause behind your sleepless nights or daytime naps take our online quiz so you can start getting a better night’s rest tonight!